Africa continent: List of Countries,Capital and currency

Abhishek Ranavat

Here are some very important points about the Africa continent that can be useful for SSC exams:

  1. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world by both area and population.
  2. The continent is home to 54 recognized countries and several dependent territories.
  3. The Sahara Desert, located in North Africa, is the largest hot desert in the world.
  4. The Nile River, the longest river in the world, flows through eleven African countries.
  5. Mount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania, is the highest peak in Africa.
  6. The Serengeti National Park, located in Tanzania, is one of the largest and most famous wildlife reserves in Africa.
  7. The Democratic Republic of Congo is the largest country in Africa by area, while Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.
  8. The African Union is an intergovernmental organization consisting of 55 African countries.
  9. The economy of Africa is mainly driven by agriculture, mining, and tourism.
  10. African music, art, and literature have a rich cultural heritage and are well-known worldwide.
Country Capital City Currency
Algeria Algiers Algerian Dinar
Angola Luanda Angolan Kwanza
Benin Porto-Novo West African CFA Franc
Botswana Gaborone Botswana Pula
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA Franc
Burundi Bujumbura Burundian Franc
Cameroon Yaoundé Central African CFA Franc
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean Escudo
Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA Franc
Chad N'Djamena Central African CFA Franc
Comoros Moroni Comorian Franc
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese Franc
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Central African CFA Franc
Cote d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro West African CFA Franc
Djibouti Djibouti City Djiboutian Franc
Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA Franc
Eritrea Asmara Eritrean Nakfa
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Mbabane Swazi Lilangeni
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ethiopian Birr
Gabon Libreville Central African CFA Franc
Gambia Banjul Gambian Dalasi
Ghana Accra Ghanaian Cedi
Guinea Conakry Guinean Franc
Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA Franc
Kenya Nairobi Kenyan Shilling
Lesotho Maseru Lesotho Loti
Liberia Monrovia Liberian Dollar
Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Ariary
Malawi Lilongwe Malawian Kwacha
Mali Bamako West African CFA Franc
Mauritania Nouakchott Mauritanian Ouguiya
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian Rupee
Morocco Rabat Moroccan Dirham
Mozambique Maputo Mozambican Metical
Namibia Windhoek Namibian Dollar
Niger Niamey West African CFA Franc
Nigeria Abuja Nigerian Naira
Rwanda Kigali Rwandan Franc
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Sao Tome and Principe Dobra
Senegal Dakar West African CFA Franc
Seychelles Victoria Seychellois Rupee
Sierra Leone Freetown Sierra Leonean Leone
Somalia Mogadishu Somali Shilling
South Africa Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein South African Rand
South Sudan Juba South Sudanese Pound
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese Pound
Tanzania Dodoma Tanzanian Shilling
Togo Lome West African CFA Franc
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian Dinar
Uganda Kampala Ugandan Shilling
Zambia Lusaka Zambian Kwacha
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean Dollar
  1. What is the total land area of Africa? Answer: The total land area of Africa is approximately 30.2 million square kilometers.

  2. What is the population of Africa? Answer: The population of Africa is over 1.3 billion people.

  3. What is the largest country in Africa by population? Answer: Nigeria is the largest country in Africa by population.

  4. What is the smallest country in Africa by land area? Answer: Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa by land area.

  5. What is the largest country in Africa by land area? Answer: Algeria is the largest country in Africa by land area.

  6. What is the highest point in Africa? Answer: Mount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania, is the highest point in Africa.

  7. What is the longest river in Africa? Answer: The Nile River is the longest river in Africa, stretching over 6,600 km.

  8. What is the largest desert in Africa? Answer: The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in Africa.

  9. What is the most spoken language in Africa? Answer: Arabic is the most spoken language in Africa.

  10. What is the official language of Nigeria? Answer: English is the official language of Nigeria.

  11. Which African country has the largest economy? Answer: Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa.

  12. What is the capital city of Egypt? Answer: Cairo is the capital city of Egypt.

  13. What is the currency used in South Africa? Answer: The South African Rand is the currency used in South Africa.

  14. What is the highest mountain range in Africa? Answer: The Atlas Mountains is the highest mountain range in Africa.

  15. What is the name of the famous wildlife park in Tanzania? Answer: Serengeti

Africa