Artificial Intelligence : Advantages and Disadvantages of A.I ,Artificial Intelligence: Cause Of Unemployment

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What is artificial intelligence?


Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of AI functions by machines, particularly computer systems. Expert systems, NLP, speech recognition, and machine vision are some specific uses of AI.Artificial intelligence, or AI, is the term used to describe systems or machines that accomplish tasks by simulating human intelligence and are capable of continuously improving themselves depending on the data they gather. AI can appear in many different ways. Examples include:

  • AI is used by chatbots to more quickly and effectively comprehend client issues.
  • AI is used by intelligent assistants to extract crucial information from massive free-text databases and enhance scheduling.
  • Based on consumers' viewing patterns, recommendation engines can offer automated TV show recommendations.

For the most part, AI systems function by consuming enormous quantities of labelled training data, searching the data for correlations and patterns, and then using these patterns to forecast future outcomes. In this way, an image recognition programme can learn to recognise and characterise objects in photographs by looking at millions of examples, much as a chatbot can learn to make lifelike dialogues with people by being fed examples of text chats.



Learning, reasoning, and self-correction are the three cognitive abilities that AI programming focuses on.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence?

One of the cutting-edge technologies that attempts to replicate human reasoning in AI systems is artificial intelligence.A computer program's capacity for thought and learning is known as artificial intelligence. If a computer programme performs an action that we would typically associate with human intellect, then that action might be seen as exhibiting artificial intelligence.

Applications utilising artificial intelligence offer several benefits and have the potential to revolutionise any profession. The phrase "artificial intelligence" was created by John McCarthy in 1950.

He said, ‘Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions, and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves.’

Advantages

  • Good at detail-oriented jobs;
  • Reduced time for data-heavy tasks;
  • Delivers consistent results; and
  • AI-powered virtual agents are always available.

Disadvantages

  • Expensive;
  • Requires deep technical expertise;
  • Limited supply of qualified workers to build AI tools;
  • Only knows what it's been shown; and
  • Lack of ability to generalize from one task to another.

These are a few of the benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence. Every new discovery will have both advantages and disadvantages, but it is up to us as humans to manage this and use the advantages of the discovery to improve the world. The potential benefits of artificial intelligence are enormous. Humans must play a major role in preventing the "rise of the robots" from getting out of hand. Some claim that artificial intelligence, if it falls into the wrong hands, has the power to destroy human civilisation. However, none of the AI applications created at that level had the power to exterminate or subjugate humans.


How enterprises use AI

According to the Harvard Business Review, enterprises are primarily using AI to:

  • Detect and deter security intrusions (44 percent)
  • Resolve users’ technology issues (41 percent)
  • Reduce production management work (34 percent)
  • Gauge internal compliance in using approved vendors (34 percent)

Artificial Intelligence: Cause Of Unemployment

Incomparably, artificial intelligence has improved our world. However, there are many worries about how it may affect employment and the credibility of the workforce. According to projections, automation and neural networks may cause millions of people to lose their jobs in the upcoming ten years. Due to AI, there have been considerable changes in the business, education, market, and government sectors. Industries where AI could replace humans.Entire job sectors could vanish as AI develops and more duties fall into the category of things that can be easily automated.

Nearly every industry, in fact, benefits from AI in various ways. Among them are :-

  • Manufacturing
  • Agriculture
  • Food service
  • Retail
  • Transportation
  • Logistics
  • Hospitality

Will Artificial Intelligence Increase Unemployment?

A World Economic Forum analysis from 2018 predicted that by 2022, AI would generate 58 million net new jobs. The paper also predicts that by 2022, AI would displace or destroy 75 million jobs, adding 133 million entirely new positions to the labour force.

Another research from the World Economic Forum in 2021 predicted that by 2025, AI will be responsible for the creation of 97 million new employment.

Additionally, it's possible that many of these professions won't adhere to the current model of full-time employment. Instead, it's anticipated that more firms will grow their remote workforces and rely heavily on contractors to fill the majority of their staffing gaps.

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